Wonders of the World
From Ancient to Modern Times


Wonders of the World have been compiled by humanity since ancient times. When people were confined to the area of the Mediterranean and Asia they had their lists. Nowadays with the sensation that the world is on Global Town the list keeps changing from time to time.

There are authorities that decide the top ten or even the top one hundred. I am just a travel writer that has traveled a lot and love to write about places, beaches, landmarks and monuments.

Now let’s dedicate this page and the ones coming to Wonders of the World and the different categories. This is just a first review that will link to pages with full explanations about the wonders.





The Giza Pyramids near Cairo Egypt

The Giza Pyramids near Cairo Egypt


Ancient Wonders of the World

  • The Great Pyramid of Giza is also called the Pyramid of Khufu and the Pyramid of Cheops, is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the area of Giza, Egypt.  It is the oldest of the Wonders of the Ancient World.

    As opposed to other wonders this one remains practically intact just with some effects of the desert winds. It was constructed over a period of 20 years concluding around 2,560 BC. For almost 4,000 years it was the tallest structure build by man in the world.



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The Hanging Gardens of Babylon

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon


Ancient Wonders of the World

  • The Hanging Gardens of Babylon are one of the original Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. They were built in the ancient city state of Babylon, in what is now Iraq. The gardens were supposedly built by the Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar II around 600 BC.  

    His wife Amytis of Media was home sick for the gardens of her native country and her husband built these gardens for her. They have been destroyed by several earthquakes through the years.


The Statue of Zeus in Olympia Greece

The Statue of Zeus in Olympia Greece




Ancient Wonders of the World

  • The Statue of Zeus at Olympia is one of the ancient world wonders. It was sculpture by the Greek sculptor Phidias, circa 432 BC. The statue is about 12 meters high and it occupied half the width of the temple that was built to house it.

  • The Temple of Artemis is located in Ephesus, Turkey on the Ruins of the Roman Empire Decapolis. The Turkish town where it is located is called Selçuk.

    This temple was rebuilt several times in history until finally destroyed by John Chrysostom the archbishop of Ephesus who incited the Christians to completely destroy it. Visitors today can only see only foundations and some fragments of what once what this great temple.


Mausoleum at Halicarnassus in Bodrum Turkey

Mausoleum at Halicarnassus in Bodrum Turkey


Ancient Wonders of the World

  • The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus or Tomb of Mausolus, in Greek was a tomb built between 353 and 350 BC at Halicarnassus, in today’s Bodrum in Turkey, for Mausolus, a ruler of the Persian Empire and his wife. It was designed by the Greek Architects Satyros and Phytis who adorned the four sides with sculptural reliefs.
  • The Colossus of Rhodes was a statue of the Greek God Helios. It was erected on the town of Rhodes in the Island of Rhodes. It was built to celebrate the victory over the ruler of Cyprus that besieged Rhodes in 305 BC but was defeated by the people of Rhodes. Before its destruction it stood over 30 meters high
  • The Lighthouse of Alexandria, also known as the Pharos of Alexandria was built on the Island of Pharos in Alexandria, Egypt to help sailors enter the harbor at night. It is about 140 meters high and was for centuries the highest man made structure therefore designated as one of the Wonders of the Ancient World.


The Roman Colosseum in Italy

The Roman Colosseum in Italy


Wonders of the World of the Medieval Era

  • The Colosseum also called Coliseum was an amphitheater in the center of the city of Rome, capital of Italy. It was the largest ever built in the Roman Empire. It is per se a wonder of architecture and technical knowledge of the Romans.

    It is located east of the Roman Forum Ruins. Its construction started under the rule of Vespasian in 72 AD and completed by Titus in 80 AD. It was capable to host up to 50,000 spectators and used for contests of Gladiators and other spectacles like dramas of classical mythology, mock sea battles and animal hunts.
  • The Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa is a historical archaeological site located in Alexandria, Egypt and is considered one of the Seven Wonders of the middle Ages. It is a necropolis with a series of tombs, statues and objects of the Pharaonic funeral cults.

    There are a mix of many styles like roman, Greek and Egyptian. One of the more gruesome features of the catacombs is the so called Hall of Caracalla. According to tradition, this is a mass burial chamber for the humans and animals massacred by order of the Emperor Caracalla.


The Great Wall of China

The Great Wall of China


Wonders of the World of the Medieval Era

  • The Great Wall of China is a series of stone and earthen fortifications in northern China, built originally to protect the northern borders of the Chinese Empire against intrusion. Several new walls have been built since the 5th Century BC and now all are called The Great Wall of China. The majority of what we see today was built during the Ming Dinasty.

    It stretches from Shanhaiguan in the east, to Lop Nur in the west, along the border with Inner Mongolia. Archaeologist have discovered that the wall with its branches stretch over 8,900 km including trenches hills and rivers as natural defenses barriers.


Hagia Sophia a symbol of Istanbul Turkey

Hagia Sophia a symbol of Istanbul Turkey


Wonders of the World of the Medieval Era

  • Hagia Sophia "Holy Wisdom" in Latin Sancta Sophia or Sancta Sapientia and in Turkish Aya Sofya is a former Orthodox basilica later converted into a mosque and now a museum in Istanbul, Turkey visited by thousands of tourists.

    It served as the capital of Constantinople (Istanbul) for many centuries. It was then a mosque from 1453 to 1931 when it was secularized under the auspices of the Great Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.


The Leaning Tower of Pisa in Italy

The Leaning Tower of Pisa in Italy


Wonders of the Medieval Era

  • The Leaning Tower of Pisa in Italian Torre Pendente di Pisa is a free standing bell tower of the cathedral of the city of Pisa.

    The tower is 56 meters high from the ground to the lower side and 57 meters on the high side. The tower has 295 steps. Between 1990 and 2001 they made restorations of the tower to reduce the inclination from 5.5 degrees to today’s 3.9 degrees.

    When I visited Italy in 1960 when I was 18 years old I tried to push it to make it straight but had no success.

  • The Saladin Citadel of Cairo also known as the Qalaʿat Salāḥ ad-Dīn, is a medieval Islamic fortification located in the middle of Cairo, capital of Egypt. Today it’s a preserved historic site with museums and mosques. The actual citadel was fortified to protect it from the Crusaders.



The Taj Mahal in Agra India

The Taj Mahal in Agra India


  • The Taj Mahal is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is a complex of structures but the people only recognize the white facade. Its construction began around 1632 and was completed by 1653.

    The construction was designed by a group of architects under the supervision of the British Empire. Among them Lahauri is considered the main designer.


Wonders of the World

CN Tower over the skyline of Toronto Ontario Canada

CN Tower over the skyline of Toronto Ontario Canada


Wonders of the Modern World

  • The CN Tower is an abbreviation for Canada’s National Tower. It is located in Toronto Ontario, Canada. This is a must for all visitors. It attracts more than two million international visitors a year.

    We climbed to the top on a clear day and you can see forever, like the song says. It was completed in 1976 and was then the tallest tower of the world until the completion of Burj Al Arab in Dubai, United Arab Emirates and the Canton Tower in Guangzhou, China.

    It still keeps the crown as the tallest free-standing structure in the world.
  • The Channel Tunnel called in French Le tunnel sous la Manche, is also called the Chunnel.  It is 50.5 km long tunnel that links Folkstone, Ken in England with Coquelles, near Calais in northern France beneath the English Channel at the Strait of Dover.

    The only longest and deeper tunnel is Seikan Tunnel in Japan. The tunnel carries the high speed Eurostar passenger trains, vehicle transport and international rail freight trains.  


The Empire State Building in Manhattan New York

The Empire State Building in Manhattan New York


Wonders of the Modern World

  • The Empire State Building, when I was a child, was the tallest building of the world. I still remember my impression at age 16 when  standing in front of the building on 34th Street corner Fifth Avenue and looking to the top I almost fell bending backwards.

    We then went up to the 86th and 102nd floor for the most spectacular view of my life. Later in life we have visited with children and grandchildren.

    It is not eh tallest building today, but for me it will always be. The 102 floor building was completed in 1931 and was for more than 40 years New York’s tallest building until the inauguration of the World Trade Center’s North Tower. The rest is history and I am not going to talk about such terrible moments.
  • The Golden Gate Bridge is a suspension bridge spanning the Golden Gate that opens the Bay of San Francisco to the Pacific Ocean.

    It links the city of San Francisco from its northern tip to Marin County on the other side of the bay.  When it was completed in 1937 it was the longest suspension bridge in the world.

    Since there are a few more in the United States and the world that are longer than this one. But one thing is clear the beauty of this bridge is unsurpassed.


The Itaipu Dam on the Parana River Brazil and Paraguay

The Itaipu Dam on the Parana River Brazil and Paraguay


Wonders of the Modern World

  • The Itaipu Dam is a hydroelectric dam on the Paraná River. It is located on the border between Paraguay and Brazil. Itaipu was an island that existed near the site.

    This hydroelectric plant is a project of two nations Brazil and Paraguay and ranges from Foz de Iguaçu in Brazil and Ciudad del Este in Paraguay. It generates most of the electricity used by Paraguay and about 15% of that used by Brazil.
  • The Delta Works is located in the southwest of the Netherlands to protect a large area of land around the Delta of the Rivers Rhine, Meuse and Scheldt. It consists of many dams, levees, locks and storm surge barriers.

    The whole idea is to shorten the coastline of the Netherlands thus reducing the number of dike to be raised. Together with Delta Works the Zuidersee Works have been designated as Modern Wonders of the World.

    The project of the Zuidersee works was implemented to improve flood protection and create additional land for Dutch agriculture.


For more information visit the experts
Hillman Wonders of the World


Panama Canal in the Republic of Panama

Panama Canal in the Republic of Panama


Wonders of the Modern World

  • The Panama Canal, called in Spanish El Canal de Panama is 77 km long and is located in the Isthmus of Panama uniting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans for the passing of ships and all kind of international maritime trade.

    It was built during the years 1904 to 1914 and was under the American Flag until it was transferred to the Republic of Panama for full sovereignty. When this project was completed it replaced the itinerary from the Atlantic side through the Straits of Magellan or Cape Horn to the Pacific and saved almost have of the time and route for future transport.


images for wonders of the world

wonders itaipu    n/a
wonders sphinx    daniel mayer
wonders zeus    n/a
italy colosseum    jimmy walker
wonders pisa    yair haklai
wonders panama    stan shebs
turkey hagia sophia    radomie

all courtesy of wikimedia commons


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